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Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business

Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business

Chapter:
(p.38) 2 Leverage: Racial Realism in the Professions and Business
Source:
After Civil Rights
Author(s):
John D. Skrentny
Publisher:
Princeton University Press
DOI:10.23943/princeton/9780691159966.003.0002

This chapter examines racial realism in white-collar and professional employment. It focuses on medicine, journalism, and marketing, providing evidence of the strong support for hiring on the basis of racial abilities and signaling in these jobs. The chapter also shows the support for the racial abilities and signaling that make racial “diversity” attractive to corporate employers. When it comes to legal authorization for racial realism, there is surprisingly little in this sector, as the courts have refused to allow a race BFOQ (“bona fide occupational qualification”), and they have not modified rulings that prohibit customer tastes as a justification for racial discrimination. Another key legal obstacle here is that courts have not allowed voluntary affirmative action to be motivated by racial-realist goals.

Keywords:   racial realism, white-collar, professional employment, medicine, racial discrimination, racial abilities, racial diversity

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